Countries > T >

 

Tadjikistan  
  More information to follow


History
   Independent since 1991, this ex-Soviet Central Asian republic has obtained a number of military aircraft. Those seen have carried the national flag of red, green and white, with the addition of, or instead of, fuselage stripes of these colours.
  

Taiwan  
Taiwan  


History
   After the Chinese Civil War of 1949, the remnants of Chiang Kai-shek's nationalist air force escaped to the island of Formosa, Taiwan In Chinese. Aircraft have continued to use the national aircraft marking for all of China prior to 1949. This is the white twelve-pointed star on a blue disc, and a rudder marking of six blue and six white stripes,  
   As from 1991 Taiwan is no longer a one-party state. Since then roundels have been modified to differentiate between the state (the Air Force) and the National Party. This has been done by using a smaller white star on the blue disc.

 

  

Tanzania  
Tanzania  


History
   Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania in 1964. An air wing of the People's Defence Force was formed soon after. Aircraft have always carried the same markings, a green disc with a yellow torch and wreath. The national flag of green, blue, black and yellow is used as a fin marking. It appears that Tanzanian combat aircraft carried no markings until recently when the emblem of the air force was painted on the rudder. 

 

  

Thailand  
Thailand  


History
   Officers of the Siamese Army went to France for flying training in 1911 and, in March 1914, the Royal Siamese Flying Corps was formed. Siamese officers took part on the Allied side in the First World War. This resulted, in 1917, in the adoption of the current red, white and blue national flag. Aircraft based in Siam were marked with a roundel version of the flag and rudders were striped according to its proportions. The air arm became the Royal Siamese Air Force in 1937. In 1939 the country changed its name to Thailand and the force to the Royal Thai Air Force. In January 1941 war broke out between Thailand and the French in Indo-China, Because of the similarity of the markings the wings of Thai aircraft were marked with the actual national flag. 
   Japan invaded in December 1941. After a two-day war the country became, in effect, an unwilling satellite of Japan. Aircraft of this period were marked with a combination of Japanese roundels and the pre-1917 flag of a running white elephant on a red field. This was marked on the fin and often below the Wings. After the Japanese defeat a return was made to the pre-1941 roundel. Rudder striping, and later a fin flash, was used, During the 1950s some Thai Navy aircraft had a black anchor marked on the fuselage sides. Modern naval aircraft have a red disc bearing a white elephant superimposed on the national flag fin marking, 
   As with many other countries low-visibility, very small insignia is used currently on combat aircraft.

 

  

Togo  
Togo  


History
   Togo's national colours are the pan-African ones of red, yellow and green. The flag has three green and two yellow stripes, with a square in the top left in red bearing a white star. This flag is used as a fin marking and a roundel version is marked on the wings and fuselage of aircraft of the Togo Air Force, founded in 1960.

 

  

Tonga  
Tonga  


History
   The Tonga Defence Services Air Wing obtained one or two aircraft in 1997. These were marked with a red Maltese type cross with a yellow border. This was surmounted with the royal crown.

 

 

Transnistria  
Transnistria  

History

Although unrecognised by any other country this part of Moldova, declared its independence in 1992. A short war with Moldova, assisted by Russia, in 1992, produced a stalemate. Transnistria obtained a few helicopters in 2007 which were marked with a roundel version of the national flag.


 

 

 

Trinidad  
  More information to follow


History
   Aircraft of the Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force, founded in 1966, bear the national flag of red divided by a white edged black diagonal stripe. Rudder stripes of red, white and black have been used. Since 2009 a roundel of red, white and black has been in use, later added to a yellow bird on the black.   
  

Tunisia  
Tunisia  


History
   The Tunisian Air Force was officially established in 1960. Since that date aircraft have always carried a red bordered white disc bearing a red star and crescent. This insignia is placed on the wings and fuselage. There are no fin markings.
  

Turkey  
Turkey  


History
   During the 1912 and 1913 Balkan wars, Turkey possessed a number of aircraft, mostly mercenary-flown. These had rudders and a large section of the wingtips painted red and bearing a white star and crescent. 
   Germany supplied most of Turkey's aircraft and pilots during the First World War and by 1916 these carried large black squares on the wings and fins, outlined in white if necessary. It is presumed that this was to bring Turkish markings into line with other aircraft of the Central Powers, but it may have been due to a shortage of red paint. After the war there was some use of a red, white and red roundel.
By the 1922 war with Greece, Turkish aircraft were marked with white bordered red squares, and red rudders marked with a white star and crescent. After the Second World War the squares were marked on the fuselage sides and the rudder marking became a fin flash. 
   As the speed of aircraft increased it became difficult to differentiate between the red squares and the Soviet red stars, so by 1972 a red, white and red roundel was used, retaining the national flag fin flash. During the 1980s these markings have decreased in size.

 

  

Turkmenistan  

Turkmenistan

 


History
The national flag of this central Asian republic was first flown in 1992. A small air arm was formed in 1995 and used markings based on the flag. This roundel is red and green with a thin yellow border. A crescent and five stars in white are superimposed on the green centre. Outer circle is now an eight point star.