Central African Republic
Congo Democratic Republic
As the Belgian Congo, aircraft operating in this large central African state carried normal Belgian markings. The country gained its independence as the Congolese Republic in 1960, and with it a new national flag. This was blue split diagonally with a yellow-bordered red stripe. Initially it is believed that the aircraft marking was a blue star on a yellow disc. A small yellow star was later added to the top blue area in 1964. This flag was then used as a fin marking for the Congolese Air Force, while wings and fuselage carried a yellow star on a blue disc with side bars of red with yellow borders.
In 1972 the country changed its name to Zaire. The new national flag was green with a yellow disc bearing an arm carrying a torch. This became the fin marking. A roundel, or roundel and bar version, was used on wings and fuselage.
In 1997 Zaire became the Democratic Republic of Congo, with a new flag. This is blue with a large yellow star, six smaller stars line up along the flag hoist. This has been used as marking until the flag reverted to that of 1960, in 2005. Since 2010 a marking based on the pre-1972 star and bars insignia has been in use with some change to the colours. The yellow star on the blue disc is unchanged but the side bars are orange and the entire marking has a red border.
This breakaway province formed its own air force during its brief period of independence between 1960 and 1962. Fin marking was the national flag of red over white split diagonally with a green stripe. On the white area were three orange crosses. Roundels were red, green and white. The three crosses were often marked on the central white spot. Some later aircraft carried a simple orange cross,although most carried no national insignia.